The inability to have a child as a result of a fertility problem can have different causes. The reasons for infertility can lie with either the man or the woman, and in some cases even with both partners. A targeted diagnosis is therefore the most important basis for successful treatment. In our clinics we offer couples who are trying to become pregnant comprehensive diagnostic options so that we can identify the causes of infertility, align the individualised treatment plan accordingly and thereby support a successful pregnancy.
Cycle monitoring is when a couple is being prepared for “sexual intercourse at the optimal time”. With this method, it is important that the fallopian tubes are unobstructed and fully operational and that semen quality is normal. This preliminary treatment measure is also referred to as a fertility check. The woman’s cycle is monitored with specific ultrasound and hormone tests. This makes it possible to monitor the number, size and maturity of the follicles. The woman’s hormonal situation can play a role in the cause of infertility. Her cycle is optimised by appropriate hormonal stimulation of the ovaries and triggering of ovulation.
The immune system protects the body by identifying and combating foreign cells, such as when there is a threat of infection caused by a cold virus. When an egg is fertilised, the father’s genetic material also brings foreign cells into the woman’s body. If the embryo is not sufficiently protected by Fc-blocking antibodies, it can be identified as a foreign body and rejected. The result is recurrent miscarriages or no pregnancy at all after IVF. In our laboratories we perform comprehensive diagnostics to establish the possible immunological causes for failure to conceive.
A sperm analysis is often the first step in the diagnostic stage of fertility treatment. Through a microscopic examination in our laboratories, we examine and assess the number of sperm cells per millilitre of semen, the shape of the sperm and their motility. If less than 15 percent of the sperm is regular in shape and less than 25 percent have normal motility, natural pregnancy is unlikely.
Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD)
Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is used for the selection of healthy, viable embryos for artificial insemination (IVF and ICSI). Fertilised eggs are examined outside the body for cell biology and genetics in order to rule out hereditary diseases or incorrect chromosome set distribution. In the cases provided for by law for this, you can have pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) carried out in our clinics in order to increase the likelihood of bringing a pregnancy to full term. Our PKD and PGD specialists will gladly advise you on the possibilities of PGD.