Wanting to Have Children When Single – Artificial Insemination Without a Partner
We would like to anticipate this issue right from the start: according to the current legislation, we are not allowed to carry out artificial insemination on single persons wantingto have children. Although it is of course medically possible today to have a child without a father, and this is indeed practised in neighbouring countries. How, despite this, can we help women without a partner to start a family?
Wanting to Have a Child as a Single Woman
Theoretically, it is possible for a single woman to fulfil her desire to have a child through a semen donation – either through an acquaintance or a sperm bank. The good news is that lesbian couples in Austria can now become parents in this way. We fertilise the eggs in our fertility centres by means of insemination, IVF or ICSI.
However, the law always envisages two parents here, even though countless single men and women take care of their children successfully. This means that we are only allowed to help women in a partnership. In other European countries, however, artificial insemination is indeed allowed for single women. Single women therefore have the opportunity to contact our fertility clinics in Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands.
The Legal Situation in Denmark
But even in Denmark, for example, where the world's three largest sperm banks are based, there are some legal restrictions. Pregnancy by means of artificial insemination where both sperm donation and an egg donation has taken place is possible in Denmark – the so-called Double Donation. According to the Danish law, either the egg or the sperm donation must be an open donation, so that the child can find out more information about his or her origin at a later date.
Otherwise donors in Denmark have the choice as to whether or not they wish to remain anonymous. Children born from non-anonymous donations in Denmark have the opportunity of receiving information about the donor once they turn 18. If a donation was made anonymously, the children accordingly have no right to information. Click here to check out our fertility clinics in Denmark.
The Legal Situation in Germany
The legal conditions governing sperm donations are regulated by the different states. But, as of the 1st of July 2018, all data about the sperm donor and treatment using donated sperm must be entered into a central register and kept for 110 years.
Children who suspect they have been conceived by means of a heterologous sperm donation then have a right to obtain information from the German Institute for Medical Documentation and Information. Children can exercise this right themselves once they have turned 16 years of age. Prior to having reached their 16th birthday, this information can be requested by their legal representative. However, this person is not him/herself entitled to know the details stored about the sperm donor. Persons who have been conceived before 01.07.2018 can assert this right via their doctor. In Germany, anonymous sperm donation is therefore not possible. Click here to check out our fertility clinics in Germany.
The Legal Situation in the Netherlands
Here, singles may be treated using donor sperm and donated eggs. However, as of 2005, these donations are no longer allowed to be carried out anonymously. The conceived children have the right to obtain the relevant information from the age of 16. A maximum of 15 families can be treated per donor, and a maximum of 25 children can be conceived. In the case of egg donations, as well, children have a right to obtain information when they turn 16. Click here to check out our fertility clinics in the Netherlands.
Speak to Us
We would be happy to explain to you in a detailed conversation the processes involved in artificial insemination using sperm donation. Just contact us.